ASP loanSave for your first home
Good interest on your savings
We will pay supplementary interest on your deposits when you have fulfilled the terms of the ASP scheme and acquired your first home.
You are entitled to a 10-year government interest subsidy on your ASP loan or part of it.
As an owner-customer, you will receive a discount on banking services and OP bonuses.
What is an ASP loan?
The ASP scheme (housing saving and support scheme) is a scheme established by the Finnish government aimed at encouraging first-time home buyers and making it easier for them to buy their first home. Through the ASP scheme, you get exceptionally good interest on your home saver's account and a loan on favourable terms.
You are entitled to a 10-year government interest subsidy on your ASP loan or part of it. If the borrowing rate exceeds 3.8% during the interest subsidy period, the government will pay 70% of the interest above that rate. The interest-subsidised loan has maximum amounts by locality. In many cases, the home and a government guarantee, OP's credit guarantee or other collateral accepted by the bank are eligible as ASP loan collateral.
The ASP loan can be interest-subsidised
- in Helsinki, 180,000 euros at the most
- in Espoo, Kauniainen and Vantaa, 145,000 euros at the most
- elsewhere in Finland, 115,000 euros at the most
How do I apply for ASP loan?
Apply for ASP loan and sign the loan agreements digitally
When you have reached your savings target and intend to buy a home, fill in a loan application at op.fi. Mention in the additional information field that your are applying for an ASP loan. After you have sent your application, we will contact you the following day.
You can now sign the agreement on a new ASP loan digitally - even sitting on your sofa at home! The loan negotiation and the required signatures can be handled entirely online, so you do not need to go to a branch until it is time to close the deal. For the digital signature, you need your online user identifiers.
You can fill in the loan application online even if you are not yet our customer. When filling in the loan application, you do not yet need to know the exact price of the new home or other such details. The loan application is nothing more than an invitation to make an offer ‒ it does not bind you to draw down the loan.
In the loan application, we will ask you the following information:
- your income, expenses and debts and their monthly charges, and those of other loan applicants, if any
- information on your wealth.
After you have sent your application, we will contact you the following day. We will invite you to come to our branch for signing the loan documents at the latest.
Sufficient repayment capacity is required for granting the loan. We will check your credit history from the credit information register of Suomen Asiakastieto Oy when you apply for the loan.
Collateral is needed for a loan that secures repayment to the bank. The home you buy covers the majority (usually 70%) of your loan. Side collateral may be needed for the residual amount.
You can apply for a government guarantee for your home loan. You can also contact your local OP cooperative bank for a loan guarantee or ask another person to guarantee your loan.
The act governing the loan-to-value ratio came into force on 1 July 2016. The ratio applies to loans granted for the purchase or renovation of a home for which the home is lodged as collateral. The purpose of use of the home is of no significance, i.e. the law applies not only to loans taken out to buy one's own permanent home but also to those taken out to by a buy-to-let home and a holiday home.
The loan-to-value, or LTV, ratio means the ratio of the loan to the current value of the collateral lodged as security for the loan at the time of its granting. In calculating the LTV ratio, all real security placed by the debtor or another person, such as homes, deposits and securities, can be taken into account as collateral. A personal guarantee, for instance, cannot be taken into account.
The LTV ratio is a macroprudential instrument that helps the authorities to curb excessive household leverage and to prevent an increase in home prices and mortgage lending considered excessive, or other risks threatening the stability of the entire financial system.
In a normal situation, a loan may account for a maximum of 90% of the collateral's current value. For a home loan taken out by a first-time home buyer, the maximum is 95%. The Financial Supervisory Authority may reduce above maximums by no more than 10 percentage points to limit an exceptional increase in risks to financial stability. As of 1 July 2018, the Financial Supervisory Authority has decided to tighten the LTV ratio for loans granted for other than first-home purchases by five percentage points from the normal 90% to 85%. The LTV for loans granted for the purchase of a first home was maintained at the normal level at 95%.
For example, if a home buyer secures his/her home loan only with the home to be bought, he/she must now have saved at least 15% (5% for first-time home buyers) of the purchase price. It is possible to reduce the need for personal savings by providing other real security in addition to the home.
Nevertheless, the LTV ratio is based on the law and thus binding on banks – it can be exceeded only in cases specifically permitted by the Financial Supervisory Authority, such as temporarily in situations where homes are exchanged. In addition to the LTV ratio, the bank’s own collateral requirements may affect the amount of collateral needed for the loan.
Example of calculating the LTV ratio: The home sales price is 100,000 euros. The home buyer's self-financed amount is 20,000 euros. He/she needs a home loan worth 80,000 euros. In this case, the LTV ratio is 80% (80,000/100,000 *100), which is compatible with the law.
As the bank normally accepts 70% of the home’s current value as collateral, the collateral shortfall after pledging the home is 10,000 euros (80,000-70/100* 100,000), which usually has to be covered with additional collateral. OP’s loan guarantee, for example, could be used as additional collateral in this case.
Loan costs consist of the reference interest rate, the bank's markup and service fees related to loan repayment. In addition, the loan is subject to a processing charge when it is drawn down.
A portion of your home loan interest is tax-deductible, which reduces the amount of taxes you pay.
When you think of the amount of loan you wish to raise, you should reckon with not only the purchase price but also any other costs that you may incur, such as moving costs and transfer tax related to home buying. For instance, home buying is usually subject to such a tax (2% of the purchase price on shares in a housing cooperative and 4% of real properties).
We agree with you on a suitable monthly instalment and repayment method for your loan. The maximum recommended home loan term is 20 years. The monthly loan repayment instalment should account for a maximum of 35% of your monthly net income and your repayment capacity should also tolerate a rise in interest rates. It is advisable to determine the size of your monthly instalment in such a way that you can also save some money for your future needs. If needed, you can also have a repayment holiday during which you will pay only interest on your loan.
The total home loan interest rate is made up of the reference interest rate and the bank's markup on the loan (margin). If you choose, say, the 12-month Euribor as the reference rate for your home loan, you will always know your total loan interest rate for the next 12 months.
OP-prime is another option for your loan's reference rate, the changes of which we announce to our borrowers at least 14 days before the change takes effect.
The most common loan repayment methods are equal payments and variable annuities.
Securing loan repayment
Anything unexpected can happen during a long loan term. Loan payment protection insurance is the most important insurance for home loan borrowers. You can take it out for both a new or an existing loan – as individual cover or joint cover together with your co-borrower.
The insurance helps you cope with paying monthly loan repayment instalments if your fall ill or lose your job. The insurance pays off the outstanding loan if the insured person dies.
As our owner-customer, you use our daily banking services at lower cost and benefit from the following benefits, for example:
- You get OP eServices, a current account, and OP-Visa for €2.95 per month. (€3.95 as of 1 April 2020). Normal charge €5.45/month. If you are under 26 years, you get our daily banking services and OP-Visa Debit or OP-Visa Electron for free.
- Product Protection Insurance is free of charge for owner-customers. It covers your card purchases for six months from the time of purchase throughout the world, also in webshops.
As our owner-customer, you can choose a long-term fixed interest rate for your new home loan throughout the loan term, up to 25 years. This is how you can ensure that the interest charges for your home loan will remain unchanged throughout the loan term.
OP bonuses are used for the bank’s service charges and insurance premiums. As an owner-customer, you will earn OP bonuses for example from:
- savings and investments
- funds in accounts
- purchases you have paid for with OP-Visa credit
- insurance premiums for home, family and motor vehicle policies